A new Captain
After leaving SMS Emden ‘wrecked and done for’ in 1914, HMAS Sydney served with the British North Sea fleet. Sydney was involved in some interesting engagements under her new commander, Captain Dumaresq.
Dumaresq was a man of exceptional ability and vivid imagination—an originator, both of novel devices and of tactical ideas. When he joined the Sydney he was in the thick of a campaign for inducing the Admiralty to use light cruisers against the Zeppelins which were at the time infesting the North Sea area—a scheme which in the end involved the installation of launching-platforms for aeroplanes on the cruisers.1
Sydney vs. L43
In May 1917 the Cruisers Sydney , Dublin and 4 Destroyers fought a running duel. with German submarines, and a Zeppelin.
After a prolonged cat-and-mouse engagement, Dumaresq countenanced the possibly his ships were being drawn into a U-boat trap. Zeppelin L43 meanwhile, floated ominously at 7000ft., observing every move.
The Cruisers now turned their attention to the strange craft in the skies, elevating guns and unleashing a torrent of fire. The helium-filled behemoth took immediate evasive action, ascending out of range. The dirigible then manoeuvred itself into a position for a bombing run on the convoy.
Dumaresq became probably the first naval officer to develop the zig-zag system of bomb avoidance. For almost two hours he weaved in evasive action until the high-flying dirigible ran out of bombs.
The fight was inconclusive. L43’s bombs landed harmlessly in the ocean.
According to the Australian War Memorial Sydney ‘s actions against L43 made her
the first Royal Australian Navy vessel to be subjected to an air attack.
Sydney’s flying firsts
In August 1917 Sydney had an overhaul. She was fitted out with the latest equipment, including a revolving aircraft launching platform (the 1st to be installed on an Australian warship), and a new tripod mast, now a permanent memorial at Bradley’s Head.
In December 1917, Dumaresq loaned a Sopwith ‘Pup’ fighter from HMAS Dublin.) On Dec.8 the ‘Pup’ was successfully launched with the ship turned into the wind – an Australian naval first. On Dec.17, a 2nd launch was made. This time with the movable platform turned into the wind – a world naval 1st.
Within 6 months Dumaresq’s advocacy of ship-launched aircraft would be vindicated. In early 1918, Sydney replaced her Sopwith Pup with a modified Sopwith Camel – a 2-F1 ‘Ships Camel’.
On 1 June 1918, 2 German seaplanes were sighted by Sydney diving towards HMAS Melbourne. Both aircraft dropped bombs but no hits were scored.
Within minutes Lieut. A.C. Sharwood from Sydney, and Flight Lieut. L.B. Gibson from Melbourne were strapped into their Sopwith fighters and launched into the wind.
Sharwood and Gibson climbed rapidly to intercept the enemy. Gibson lost sight of his quarry in the clouds. Sharwood however, continued pursuit for another 60 miles. At 10,000 ft. Sharwood caught up to, and attacked one of the marine aircraft. He observed it shudder after being hit, and dive into the sea.1 Following it down, he was fired on by the other German aeroplane.
Sharwood engaged the float-plane in a dogfight. 1 gun jammed. The ammo for his other gun was running low. Out of options, he broke from the fight. After losing his attacker in cloud cover, Sharwood tried to find the HMAS Sydney . But Sydney was now over 70 miles away! Almost out of fuel, Sharwood sighted the grey outlines of a warship. As luck would have it – HMAS Sharpshooter. He executed a near-perfect water landing and was rescued from the freezing North Atlantic.
Lt. Sharwood’s actions proved the value of aircraft in preventing enemy air attacks and intelligence gathering at sea. The ship-launched air battle was yet another world 1st for HMAS Sydney5
HMAS Sydney I had become obsolete by 1928. She was scrapped in 1929 at Cockatoo Is. HMAS Sydney II superseded her namesake.
In the words of Dalton “Jack” Carroll, Mayor of Mosman, who had a major role in the mast’s installation and dedication in 1934:
When the new H.M.A.S. “Sydney” returned from World War II on the 10th February, 1941, after her victory over the Italian Cruiser “Bartolomeo Colleoni”, its Commander (Capt. J. A. Collins) dressed ship and saluted the Mast of his vessel’s predecessor.6
On 11 August 1936 Sydney made her long-awaited entry through Sydney Heads and into Port Jackson where her arrival was viewed from the shore by thousands of citizens who had turned out to see her. As she slowly made her way through the channel she was saluted with the sound of ferry whistles as she made her way to a buoy off Garden Island. Once again the citizens of the city of Sydney had a ship that they could call their own and Australia’s overt adulation for the new cruiser soon became an extension of the affection and esteem held for HMAS Sydney (I).7
The circumstances surrounding Sydney II’s tragic end after her encounter with the German auxiliary cruiser Kormoran persisted for 67 years. It was not until the discovery of the watery graves of the Kormoran, and shortly after the Sydney , in March 2009, that the mysteries of their fates could be laid to rest.
Follow the Sydney-Emden… story
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1 Jose, Arthur W. The Royal Australian Navy 1914-1918, Sydney: Angus & Robertson. (1928)
2 Zeppelin L23 was shot down by an RNAS flying boat:
3 AWM First World War Official Histories – Volume IX – The Royal Australian Navy, 1914–1918 9th ed., 1941. p 295-300. retrieved online 21/01/18 https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/C1416827.
4 Full account: AWM First World War Official Histories – Volume IX – The Royal Australian Navy, 1914–1918 9th ed., 1941. p 305 306. retrieved online 21/01/18 https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/C1416827 The German shot down was a single seater the other a 2 seater. Sharwood was not credited with a victory by the Admiralty.
5 Flt Sub Lt Smart, RNAS, flying a Sopwith Pup from HMS Yarmouth on 21/08/17 had previously shot down Zeppelin L23
6 Carroll, Jack D. The Streets of Mosman
7 Royal Australian Navy HMAS Sydney (II) retrieved 18/12/17 from http://www.navy.gov.au/hmas-sydney-ii